. ..
/ . ..
1

o .

--------T----T----T----T----T----T----T----T----T----T----T----T----T----T----T----

5 0 5 0H 5+ 0NH 44 5+ 0 K 5+ 0Na 5+ 0 2 0g 5+ 0Ba 52+ 0Ca 52+ 0Mg 52+ 0Zn 52+ 0Cu 52+ 0Hg 52+ 0Pb 52+ 0Fe 52+ 0Fe 53+ 0Al 53+ 0

+-------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+

OH 5- 0 - -

+-------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+

NO 43 5- 0

+-------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+

Cl 5- 0

+-------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+

S 52- 0 - - - -

+-------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+

SO 43 52- 0 - - - -

+-------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+

SO 44 52- 0

+-------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+

CO 43 52- 0 - - - -

+-------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+

SiO 43 52- 0 - - - - -

+-------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+

PO 44 52- 0

+-------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+

CH 43 0COO 5- 0

L-------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+-----

2 - .

------------------T------T--------------T-----------

3 0 3 0 3 0 3 0

+-----------------+------+--------------+-----------+

N 4A 0 6,02204 5. 010 523 0 5-1 0

. 1,60219 5. 010 5-19 0

m 4e 0 9,1095 5. 010 5-31 0

5,486 5. 010 5-4 0 ...

m 4p 0 1,6726 5. 010 5-27 0

1,00728 ...

m 4n 0 1,6749 5. 010 5-27 0

1,00866 ...

2,9979 5. 010 58 0 /

G 6,672 5. 010 5-11 0 5. 0 52 0/ 52 0

8,854 5. 010 5-12 0 5 0/

N 4 0 2,687 5. 010 525 0 5-3 0

F 96484,56 /

. R 8,314 /()

k 1,380662 5. 010 5-23 0/

h 6,626176 5. 010 5-34 0

R 7$ 0 1,0973731 5. 010 57 0 5-1 0

- 7s 0 5,67032 5. 010 5-8 0 /( 52 0 54 0)

L-----------------+------+--------------+------------

2 , 53 2 / 53 2 0.

-------T------------------------------------------------

+------T------T------T------T------T------T------+

0 10 20 30 40 50 60

+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+

N 42 0 0,02360,01900,01600,01400,01250,01130,0102

H 42 0 0,02150,01980,01840,01700,01640,01610,0160

O 42 0 0,049 0,038 0,031 0,026 0,023 0,021 0,019

Cl 42 0 - 3,148 2,299 1,799 1,438 1,225 1,023

CO 42 0 1,713 1,194 0,878 0,66 0,53 0,44 0,36

0,02880,02660,01870,01610,01420,01300,0122

L------+------+------+------+------+------+------+-------

I .5

.. .

------T----T---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

+----------T----------T----------T----------T----------T----------T----------T----------+

I II III IV V VI VII VIII

+-----+----+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+

H 1 (H) 2 He

1 1

1,00794 4,0002602

+-----+----+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+

Li 3Be 4 5 ¦ 6 C 7 N 8 O 9 F 10 Ne

2 2

9,0121810,811 12,011 14,0067 15,9994 18,998403 20,179

+-----+----+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+

: 1 2


- , . . ...


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, , , , ...